3. Crown Mouldings (Cornice)
Crown Mouldings are used to decorate the transitional area between the ceiling and the wall. They help make the intersections between the walls and the ceiling look flawless across all surfaces. Crown Mouldings are not usually placed flush against the wall or the ceiling. Instead, when viewed from the moulding's end, the ceiling and the wall form a 'hollow' triangle. As you can imagine, installing crown mouldings is not an easy process as it requires complex cuts to form corners where two walls meet.
4. Picture Rails
Picture Rails allows the person to hang artwork without having to drive a nail into the walls. It is usually used in conjunction with Crown Mouldings, and approximately seven to nine feet from the floor.
5. Dado Rails (Chair Rail or Surbase)
A Dado Rail is a decorative moulding fixed horizontally to the wall which is used to protect the wall area from scratches and scuffs by movable furniture. Traditionally, people would fix Dado Rail 24 inches from the floor or about one-fifth the height of the room. Modern trends lean more towards a height of 36 inches; based on the assumption that its main purpose is to protect the wall from chair backs.
Dado Rails can also be used to break the monotony of a single painted wall by breaking the wall area into two sections.
6. Cove Mouldings
Cove Mouldings is a slightly less elaborate type of Crown Moulding. This type of moulding is used at points where the walls meet with the ceiling. Unlike Crown Mouldings, a Cove Moulding typically has a concave-type profile which makes it great as corner guards or to hide joints. It can also be used on stairs where treads and risers meet.
7. Egg-and-Dart Mouldings (Egg-and-Tongue)
Egg-and-Dart Mouldings are an ornamental moulding consisting of an egg-shaped object alternating with an element shaped like an arrow, anchor or dart.
8. Bead Mouldings
Bead Mouldings are a row of small, symmetrical spheres often paired with spindle, leaf or dart designs. It can be used in combination with a Dado Rail or Crown Moulding to decorate a room.
9. Dentil Mouldings
Dentil Wood Mouldings consist of small and evenly spaced block patterns, often found in historic buildings and homes. Dentil Mouldings are typically used in conjunction with Crown Mouldings.
10. Batten Mouldings (Batten Trims)
Batten Mouldings are thin strips of trim used to keep the joints between pieces of panelling hidden.